Originally built in the late thirteenth century, the Medieval Merchant’s House is a restored house in Southampton in the English county of Hampshire that was built in the same year. A wealthy businessman called John Fortin commissioned the construction of the house in 1290, and it has survived several centuries of household and commercial use in remarkably good condition. Following German bomb damage to the home in 1940, the mediaeval interior of the building was discovered.
It was restored to its former appearance and placed in the care of English Heritage, which now operates it as a tourist attraction. Designed in the manner of a mediaeval narrow plan with a right-angle corner entrance, the home has an undercroft for keeping wine at a consistent temperature best place to buy cheap ROOFING and a first-floor bedchamber that stretches out onto the street to give more room. According to historian Glyn Coppack, the construction is architecturally important since it is “the only building of its sort to have survived largely as originally intended.” It is also a Grade I listed structure and a scheduled monument.
Founded about 1290 on French Street in Southampton, which was once a significant port and a big provincial town with a population of around 5,000 people, the Medieval Merchant’s House is a historical landmark. Southampton had become prosperous as a result of commerce with England’s European holdings on the continent. Earlier in the century, the area around French Street in Southampton had been re-planned, resulting in a reduction in the number of farm animals kept in and around the buildings,
The relocation of poorer merchants and craftsmen to the less desirable northern half of the city, and the construction of a quarter of huge, impressive houses, most of which were built of stone with tiled roofs, and the creation of a quarter of huge, impressive houses, mostly constructed of stone with tiled roofs. Built for wealthy wine merchant John Fortin, the original house included a vaulted cellar for stock storage, a store at the front of the property, and living quarters for his family; the majority of it was constructed of stone, but it featured a timber front, which was considered a fashionable design at the time. At least 60 additional residences comparable to the Medieval Merchant’s House were built in Southampton at the same time as the Medieval Merchant’s House.
Wet-laid, or damp, walls are created by pouring a mud or clay mixture into a shape and allowing it to dry without the use of bricks. The volume and shape of each individual material in the combination utilised determines the sort of construction that is produced. The consistency of the soil that is being used is frequently a decisive element in the outcome. Cob building necessitates the use of large volumes of clay, whereas low-clay soil is more commonly linked with sod house or sod roof construction.
The other major constituents are sand/gravel, straw/grasses, and a mixture of sand/gravel to varying degrees. Rammed earth is a way of constructing walls that is both ancient and contemporary. The process used to be carried out by hand, compacting clay soil between boards, but currently it is carried out using forms and mechanical pneumatic compressors.
Soil, particularly clay, has a large thermal mass and is hence great at sustaining constant temperatures over long periods of time. Earthen structures are naturally cool in the summer and warm in the winter, thanks to their thermal mass. Clay, like stone, has the ability to store heat or cold for an extended period of time before releasing it. The fact that clay walls change temperature slowly means that intentionally raising or decreasing the temperature will cost more energy than, for example, a wood-framed building, but the heat or cooling will last for a longer period of time.
For millennia, homes made mostly of mud and clay, such as cob and adobe, have been constructed in western and northern Europe, Asia, and across the rest of the world, according to construction merchants Kent, and are still being constructed on a lesser scale. The occupants of some of these structures have lived in them for hundreds of years. By the 1330s, the prosperity of Southampton had begun to dwindle. In 1338, the French launched a successful attack on the town, during which numerous structures were demolished and the castle was completely destroyed by fire. Due to the collapse of the building’s south-western corner at the time of the attack, it is possible that the home was completely destroyed and had to be rebuilt quickly; additional alterations, such as the insertion of a fireplace, may have taken place around the same time.
Following the bombings, Southampton’s economy suffered a severe setback from which it never fully recovered. Following the subdivision or redevelopment of numerous residences to make way for more structures, the nature of French Street began to alter. After big merchants abandoned the Medieval Merchant’s Building in 1392, it appears that Thomas Frye and John Berlet, the latter of whom was a direct grandson of John Fortin, for whom the house was originally built, began renting it out to tenants.